Diet for gastritis in the stomach. What can you eat?

Diet for gastritis

Inflammation of the stomach lining is calledgastritis. He does not spare anyone: neither men nor women nor old people nor children. In today’s fast-paced age with snacks on the run, stressful situations and an unstable environment, this disease is very common.

Regardless of the appearance of the disease, thediet for gastritisplays a major role in recovery.

Gastritis and its types

There are two types of gastritis:acuteandchronic, which in turn are divided into different types. Acute gastritis develops in a few days or even hours. In this case, the patient feels pain in the upper abdomen, heartburn, nausea and vomiting.

Chronic gastritis develops over the years with occasional mild pain and abnormalities in the stomach. This gastritis is detected only by laboratory tests. There are also exacerbations of the chronic course of the disease.

Depending on the area of ​​mucosal lesions, a distinction is made between the following types:

  • catarrhal- inflammation of the mucous membrane surface;
  • erosive- inflammation of all layers of the mucous membrane
  • phlegmonous- not only all layers of the mucosa are affected, but also stomach tissue.

Pathology is also divided according to the mechanism of disease development:

  • atrophic- a consequence of sluggish chronic gastritis;
  • autoimmune- occurs due to a mismatch between the immune system and gastric mucosa;
  • hypertrophic- gastric mucosa grows, the risk of oncology increases;
  • allergic- occurs in people with food allergies.

These are the most common types of gastritis, in fact there are many more.

Nutrition for gastritis in the stomach

Eating a healthy gastritis diet helpsrecover quickly. By following the advice and recommendations on nutrition, you can avoid such unpleasant manifestations as heaviness in the stomach, heartburn, nausea, pain. Diet also helps prevent the transition from an acute form of the disease to a chronic one.

It is important to remember that good nutrition stays with you throughout your life. At first it is difficult to give up the usual but harmful dishes, but then the person gets used to it.

As the disease progresses, it is important not only to know what to eat, but also how to do it. The following rules must be followed:

  • Fractionated food - eat a little 5-6 times a day. This prevents overeating and the stomach functions normally.
  • Take 3-4 hour breaks between meals.
  • It is necessary to eat at the same time.
  • Breakfast should be full and not limited to a glass of juice or tea.
  • You can eat the last 3 hours before bedtime.
  • Food must be chewed well, which can make it easier for the stomach.
  • Have a hot soup for lunch or dinner.
  • Stop eating on the go and dry.
  • You should drink water half an hour after eating so as not to dilute the gastric juice and thereby damage the normal digestive process.
  • Stop drinking, or limit yourself significantly to the use of coffee, alcohol, carbonated beverages, and fatty and fried foods.
  • It is recommended to quit smoking.
  • It is important to eat only fresh produce and store ready meals correctly.

Switch to a new diet gradually. After getting used to such a diet over time, the urge for junk food disappears and the state of health improves markedly.

Diet for gastritis in the stomach, what can you eat?

The diet for any gastritis is usuallysparse. Individual nutrition is prescribed for each type of pathology. However, with any of gastritis, foods are released that are not only possible but also necessary. The most useful dishes for gastritis are presented in the following list:

  • Porridge. The healthiest dish for a troubled stomach to eat for breakfast. Oatmeal and buckwheat porridge are considered the best - they need to be boiled for a long time using milk or a dairy product diluted with water.
  • Bread and Accuse. You can not eat rye bread and freshly baked bread - they have a bad effect on the stomach lining. It is better to use wheat flour softened in tea with milk or stale white bread, which can be consumed for lunch.
  • Potatoes. It is most useful for gastritis in the form of mashed potatoes or in a simple cooked form. The moss covers the walls of the stomach and prevents gastric juice from eating them away. You can not eat fried potatoes and french fries - they adversely affect the mucous membrane.
  • Supper. They can not be cooked in rich meat broth. If there is no desire to eat vegetable soups, take only chicken or beef broth, heavily diluted at the same time. Do not season them with spices with a flavor enhancer, use only hot soup, not hot.
  • Meat. You can eat it, but choose only low-fat varieties: veal, chicken, rabbit, beef. It is best to cook steamed chops from meat, because the meat as presented is finely chopped. Just cooked or steamed meat can also be eaten, only in small amounts and chews well because it increases the load on the stomach. Smoked meats, sausages and hot dogs should not be consumed categorically.
  • Fish. Low fat sea fish species are allowed: pollock, hake, cod and river fish: pike perch and pike. Canned fish and fried fish can not be eaten at all, there is no benefit in them, and carcinogens and harmful spices will only harm a sick stomach. It is better to steam or cook fish without using too much spice.
  • Fruit. You can eat bananas and watermelon in small amounts. The rest of the types are best not eaten at all or consumed in small amounts.
  • Vegetables. You can cook carrots, cauliflower, beets. If gastritis is chronic and is in remission, you can eat fresh cucumbers peeled and grated.

For different types of gastritis and its course, certain foods are allowed or forbidden. What you can eat and what you should refrain from should be agreed with a specialist.

Diet for acute gastritis

Gastritis suddenly worsenscaused by short-term pathogenic effects on the gastric mucosa. It can also be triggered by food poisoning, chemical poisoning or medication and even overeating.

Rosehip decoction against gastritis

Acute gastritis dietalso has a therapeutic function - it relieves the patient from symptoms such as pain, nausea and diarrhea. All patients need to know what to eat with acute gastritis.

The following rules are followed here:

  1. On the first day, the patient must reject food completely.But you should drink plenty of fluids, preferably hot. It can be sweet weak tea, mineral water without gas, rosehip decoction.
  2. The next day you can eat thin, viscous soups made from rice or oatmeal with a small lump of butter.In case of stable normal condition, it is recommended to eat liquid porridge made from mashed buckwheat or barley.

    Soups can be cooked in weak meat or fish broth. Jelly made from non-acidic berries or fruits is allowed.

  3. If appetite develops, the worsening of gastritis is over, but diet should be followed anyway.In addition, products are used for cooking that do not irritate the walls of the stomach. It is recommended to cook or steam food.

    From the third day of the diet, eggs and dairy products can be added to the diet. Boil eggs soft-boiled or in a bag.Dried bread for gastritisYou can eat low-fat cottage cheese, but in a small amount. It is allowed to drink milk and add a little butter to the dishes.

  4. From the second day of the diet, it is permissible to eat one piece of dried non-rye bread a day.Another piece will be added on the fifth day. You can not use baked goods and fresh bread, and biscuits are also forbidden, they irritate the mucous membrane.
  5. Protein foods during an exacerbation are allowed if the intestines function normally.In case of constipation you should limit yourself to vegetables, preferably with a laxative effect. If digestion is not disturbed, you can include meatballs, meatballs and steamed chops in your diet.

    Spices should be removed completely and salt should be limited. From the fifth day of the disease you can go to the usual table, but do not eat fried, spicy and fatty.

Diet with exacerbation of gastritis does not allow the use of alcoholic beverages, strong tea and coffee, carbonated liquids, kvass and cocoa. You can drink compotes from non-sour berries and dried fruits.

The diet is extended from day 5 if the symptoms are normal and on day 10 it is completely canceled.

Diet for high acidity gastritis

If gastritis persists due to increased acidity, it is important to eat so that the acidity normalizes and excludes the possibility of its increase.

Foods that increase acidity should be excluded here: spicy, pickled, spicy, chocolate, fatty broth, alcohol, fatty and fried foods, sour berries, fruits and herbs, legumes, dairy products and carbonated beverages.

You can eat the following foods that can normalize the acidity:

  • Lean meat: beef, rabbit, skinless chicken.
  • Steamed or cooked seafood: shrimp, crabs, crayfish.
  • Cereals, noodles, from cereals you can use oatmeal, semolina, rice and buckwheat.
  • Soft-boiled eggsor steamed omelet.
  • From vegetables: carrots, potatoes, cauliflower, zucchini, peeled tomatoes, pumpkins, greens.
  • From berries: raspberries, strawberries, strawberries. Baked fruit, jam.

It is recommended to steam or cook dishes to limit or completely exclude spices and seasonings that increase the acidity of the stomach: vinegar, soy sauce, mustard. You can prepare delicious and varied dishes from the offered product list.

Chronic gastritis

It is chronic gastritis that is considered to be the most common disease of the digestive system. All food should be such that it does not irritate the stomach lining.

At the time of deterioration, the diet should bevery strict, and during remission, it is permissible to eat foods that stimulate the secretion of gastric juice and hydrochloric acid: meat, fish liquid and herring. Not only steaming or boiling is used, baking, frying is also allowed but without breading. Many different foods are allowed.

In addition to those that can be used during an exacerbation, you can eat the following during a quiet period:

  • Steam soufflés and chops, meatballs and meatballs from meat and fish.
  • Vegetable stew and puree, fresh vegetables.
  • Porridge and cereal soups.
  • Steamed omelette and boiled eggs.
  • Desserts, mice, jellies and jellies from non-acidic berries and fruits.
  • Milk and fermented milk products.
  • Lightly dried white bread.
  • Decoction of herbs and rosehips, juice diluted with water, weak tea and very clean water.

It should be remembered that the diet for chronic gastritis is not a temporary phenomenon, butproper nutritionthroughout life. Only then can you avoid moments of exacerbation of the disease and save yourself from negative consequences.

Nutrition for erosive gastritis

The diet for erosive gastritisis ​​very strict. There are many forbidden foods here - almost nothing is allowed, as with a worsening of gastritis. However, there are dishes whose use has a beneficial effect on the gastric mucosa. In this respect, a distinction is made between the following products:

  • Rusks and stale wheat bread.
  • Milk soups made from pureed grains: rice, buckwheat, semolina, oatmeal and pasta.
  • An omelette made from egg whites and milk.
  • Bananas, powdered.
  • Kissels from berries, fruits, oatmeal.
  • Mashed vegetable soups with lean broth made from potatoes, cauliflower, carrots, beets.
  • The teen is not strong, slightly sweet.

It is useful to season food with butter or vegetable oil. The food must be pureed, tender and not hot.

Nutrition for atrophic gastritis

In this type of disease, the diet is prescribed strictly individually depending on the degree of abdominal pain. As with other types, anything that is spicy, pickled and greasy is forbidden. If the disease has passed into a chronic stage, thediet for atrophic gastritislooks like this:

  • Allowed to include lean meat, skinless fish and tendons in the diet.
  • Porridge made from rice, oatmeal and buckwheat, boiled in water or diluted milk.
  • Stewed, boiled, baked cabbage, potatoes, courgette, carrots.
  • Low fat cheese, cottage cheese and milk.
  • herbal teas, jellies and compotes from sweet berries.

With this type of gastritis you can not drink much fluid taking into account soups and teas, no more than 1, 5 liters are allowed. A strict diet reduces the strain on the gastrointestinal tract, which improves the patient's condition.

Diet for any type of gastritis is an important component in the treatment of the disease. Proper nutrition speeds up recovery and disruption of diet causes aggravation and deterioration.