Diet for arthritis: a table with products, an approximate menu for a week

arthritis and diet against disease

Gout is a serious and rather unpleasant disease. It occurs as a result of the deposition of uric acid salts (urates) and is manifested by attacks of pain, especially at night. At such moments, the patient is covered with fever, general weakness, and tender discomfort in the abdominal cavity. The soft tissue around the affected joint becomes very inflamed, swollen, and the skin becomes light red.

Today, almost all signs of arthritis are known and many effective methods have been developed to eliminate it. However, the most effective way to recover from pathology was strict adherence to a special diet aimed at reducing the amount of uric acid in the body of patients with this type of arthritis.

Proper nutrition every day with arthritis is the key to health. When treating arthritis, it is imperative that you completely eliminate all foods high in purines from your diet.

This allows you to significantly slow down the development of the disease and significantly improve the patient's general condition. Provided that the doctor's instructions are followed for a long time, you can not only increase the interval between rheumatic attacks, but also reduce their intensity significantly, relieving the inflammatory process and dull discomfort.

Diet for arthritis

For a successful fight against pathology, doctors are strongly advised to completely abandon animal protein. In addition to such foods, animal fats and empty easily digestible carbohydrates can greatly aggravate the condition of patients.

As with diabetes, people with arthritis should avoid foods with an excessive amount of white sugar as much as possible; In this regard, diets for arthritis and diabetes are similar.

It is strictly forbidden to starve for arthritis! Every day with arthritis you need to eat fragile and often (in small portions). Practical recommendations suggest that with this disease, a person should eat at least 5-6 times during the day.

Nutrition for gout gives the obligatory holding of special fasting days once a week. At this time, you should only eat fresh vegetables and fruits. It is necessary to eat plant food in any form, but without the addition of table salt. Products can be:

  • bake;
  • Cook;
  • steam.

The recommendations suggest that it should be emphasized that only one type of vegetable or fruit is eaten during Lent. Unloading of apple rice is especially popular. Once a week, the patient should eat only cooked rice (preferably not peeled) and raw sweet and sour apples.

To get the most out of the benefits and heal your body, you need to cook your rice properly. To do this, take 75 grains, pour 750 ml of milk and cook until cooked.

The resulting dish is divided into 3 equal parts and eaten for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Apples are eaten between meals. In addition, the total amount of fruit should not exceed 300 g per day. If for some reason the patient cannot eat as many apples, compotes can be made from them without adding sugar.

Natural honey, especially useful for arthritis, helps sweeten the drink.

Recipes for every day

In order not to break into harmful and forbidden foods against arthritis, you should diversify your diet. The table helps you choose the optimal set. Food must be completely balanced.

It is good if the dishes contain all the minerals and vitamins necessary for the normal functioning of the body.

Below is a diet for arthritis (sample menu), where all components are well thought out and will have a beneficial effect on the course of the disease. These recipes can be prepared every day.

First meal

An excellent option for a person suffering from rheumatoid arthritis is vegetarian borscht. It is prepared from fresh vegetables, but without prior frying. You need to prepare:

  • 200 g potatoes;
  • 150 g white cabbage;
  • 150 g beetroot;
  • 70 g carrots;
  • 50 g onion;
  • 30 g fat-free sour cream;
  • vegetables to taste (parsley or dill).

First cook the beets for arthritis until they are half cooked, peel them and rub them on a grater. Then cabbage is finely cut, tomatoes and potatoes are cut into small cubes, carrots are cut into strips, onions are cut into rings.

All cooked vegetables are put in a saucepan, poured with cold water and cook until cooked. Before serving, season the finished dish with sour cream and sprinkle with finely chopped herbs.

Potato soup will be no less tasty and nutritious. It will require:

  • 1 chicken egg (or 3 quail eggs);
  • a couple of potatoes;
  • 1 tablespoon flour;
  • low-fat sour cream;
  • 1 sweet pepper;
  • green to taste;
  • butter.

The potato tubers are peeled and cooked until tender. The potato broth is poured into a separate bowl, and the potatoes themselves are thoroughly chopped and ground through a fine sieve.

Then they begin to prepare the sauce: the flour is heated in the oven, diluted in 50 ml of liquid in which the potatoes were boiled, and boiled well.

Then mix the grated potatoes, drained broth and flour sauce.

The mixed soup is seasoned with chicken eggs, butter, brought to a boil and served. The finished dish is seasoned with fine herbs and sour cream.

Second course

You can eat a vegetable stew every day. To prepare this healthy dish, you need to prepare and clean foods:

  • 7 potato tubers;
  • 4 carrots;
  • 1 pepper;
  • 1 onion;
  • a glass of fresh green peas;
  • 100 g sour cream;
  • 1 tablespoon olive or sunflower oil
  • salt to taste.

Onions are cut into small cubes and fried in hot vegetable oil. The ideal option would be to fry in a special non-stick frying pan that does not require the use of fat. As soon as the onion turns golden brown, finely chopped carrots, add peppers to it and stew until the vegetables are soft.

Then add pre-cooked peas and boiled potatoes, cut into medium cubes, to the pan. Then add the sour cream, salt the pan and let it simmer for another 10-15 minutes. Before serving, pour the dish with melted butter.

A variety of cereal products should be included in the diet every day. So it is useful to eat buckwheat porridge. All recipes for buckwheat are almost the same. Take 50 g of cereal, pour water in a ratio of 1 to 2, add a little salt and bring to a boil on the stove, be sure to close the lid on the pan.

As soon as the buckwheat absorbs all the water, mix it well, remove the heat and let steam for another 30 minutes. The finished dish is seasoned with butter. If you add honey and dried grapes to the porridge, it will be an excellent afternoon snack.

An approximate menu for an arthritis patient will be as follows:

  • breakfast. Fresh vegetable salad (peppers, cucumbers, tomatoes) seasoned with vegetable oil, millet, apple and carrot jug, hard-boiled eggs, herbal tea;
  • lunch. Rosehip decoction;
  • dinner. Homemade noodle soup, potato chops, berry jelly (for sweetness you can add honey, dried grapes);
  • afternoon tea. Fresh or baked apples (you can add honey and grapes to them);
  • dinner. Meat-free stuffed cabbage rolls with rice and vegetables, oven-baked syrniki, herbal broth.

List of permitted and prohibited products

In arthritis, patients should eat as many vegetables as possible. The only limitation is vegetables with a particularly sharp taste, such as radish, garlic, chili, horseradish. It is strictly forbidden to eat food with the addition of:

  1. cauliflower;
  2. celery;
  3. sorrel;
  4. spinach.

In addition, a diet with exacerbation of arthritis requires the use of any kind of exotic and known to us: apples, plums, pears, bananas, oranges, grapefruits. Treatment of gout involves the intake of low-fat dairy products and lactic acid products: milk, cottage cheese, yogurt without fillers and sugar.

It is good if the patient starts eating chicken and quail eggs. Doctors recommend eating whole grains, nuts, bee honey (best of all linden and may), grapes and nuts (walnuts, cashews, almonds). Herbal teas based on medicinal plants help relieve the inflammatory process. They can be drunk several times a week.

Patients with arthritis should limit the use of sausages, smoked meat, meat, fish and offal as much as possible. Only shrimp can sometimes get on the table in a patient with arthritis, but it is better to refuse them completely. Table salt should be gradually removed from the diet, although some diet recipes provide for it.

The list of prohibited products includes:

  • prayers;
  • mushrooms;
  • spices, condiments (excluding bay leaves, wine and apple cider vinegar).

You can not drink natural black coffee, tea, alcoholic beverages. A taboo is imposed on cocoa, chocolate, confectionery. Such purine foods can damage joints and aggravate arthritis.

There is a table with a more detailed list on the Internet in the public area.

Honey, grapes for arthritis

Like any other diet, food for rheumatoid arthritis involves complete elimination of sugar and sugary foods. Natural honey will be an excellent substitute for such. In addition, honey helps relieve an acute pain attack if taken several times a week with 250 g of alfalfa.

If you mix honey with dry mustard, baking powder, chopped onions and apply such a compress on the joint affected by arthritis, then inflammation and swelling will soon disappear.

Not only honey but also pollen can prevent attack of the disease.

There are clear medical recommendations to include grapes in your diet, but if there is no obesity with arthritis. Obese patients should not eat grapes as they contain many calories and glucose. In all other cases, grapes will be an excellent general tonic that improves metabolism in rheumatoid arthritis.

Grapes contain a large amount of biologically active and nutritional substances (depending on variety and degree of maturity). If a patient with arthritis has stomach problems and increased acidity, he should choose more fleshy grapes.