Nutrition menu for diabetics

cooking for diabetes

For diabetics, nutrition plays a key role. It is very important to consume protein, fat and carbohydrates in the correct ratio. The menu for diabetics should contain the necessary amount of vitamins and fiber for a healthy functioning of the body. The basic nutritional rule for diabetics is that the energy from food should be consumed completely by the body without deposits. Proper nutrition can normalize the body's metabolism and reduce the concentration of sugar in the blood.

The main goal of treating both types of diabetes is to reduce the risk of stroke, heart attack and other acute and recurrent diseases as well as maintain excellent health and resistance to colds and disease-causing flora. To achieve this, a person usually needs to take into account the fractionated nutrition method (5-6 times a day in small portions).

Menu design principles

The diabetic's menu is calculated based on the following criteria:

  • age;
  • the weight;
  • Lifestyle;
  • physical exercise.

It is recommended to make calculations with the help of an endocrinologist or nutritionist, he should know the history of your disease. The specialist adjusts the patient's diet based on his condition, body weight and the individual characteristics of the body. For obese diabetics it is necessary to replace carbohydrates and fats with vegetables, for diabetics with a lack of weight - to increase the calorie content of the food consumed. In summer and spring, an increase in the diet of fruits and vegetables is recommended.

The following foods are not recommended for type 1 and type 2 diabetics:

  • baked goods, baked goods;
  • high-calorie desserts (cream, ice cream, etc. );
  • lard, pork (fatty meat);
  • alcohol and tobacco products;
  • sugar (sweetener to be used);
  • canned food, sausage;
  • pickled and salted vegetables;
  • fatty fish;
  • sweets.

Important!Sometimes doctors forbid diabetics to use diabetic products, as the same sugar substitutes sometimes prevent the patient from losing weight.

What is the difference between nutrition for type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

The main difference between type 1 diabetes is insulin intake. However, proper and balanced nutrition is a must. Eating white bread, high glycemic fruit, sugary juices and chocolate is allowed in small amounts, while these foods are best avoided in type 2 diabetes. If the patient is not overweight, sugar intake up to 50 g per day is allowed.

In type 2 diabetes, diet is a direct source of a healthy lifestyle. Normalization of the patient's weight plays a central role. It is necessary to cut down on the calorie content of foods, not their amount, in other words adhere to a low-carb diet. If you overload the digestive system with carbohydrates, the blood glucose level rises and insulin cannot cope on its own.

Table number 9

Table 9 is a specially formulated diet for people with diabetes. This diet is rich in healthy and tasty foods for diabetics. Its essence lies in the exclusion of foods with fast carbohydrates and moderate consumption of carbohydrates in general. Due to the slow rise in blood glucose levels, a person feels full for a long time. It also has a positive effect on the pancreas.

food for diabetes

Dishes that may be included in the diet

Breakfast:

  • Fried eggs with pork breast.
  • The omelette with vegetables, the omelette with meat products (without the content of semi-finished products), if you want, you can rub the cheese into an omelette.
  • Boiled eggs, low-fat yogurt, cod liver.
  • Vegetable accessories, hazelnuts or almonds, black or green tea (not sweet).

Dinner:

  • Pork (stewed) with herbs or cabbage.
  • Baked chicken with a vegetable dish.
  • Cooked meat with fresh vegetable salad.
  • Boiled or baked fish.
  • Pork thigh steak, fresh vegetables or salad.
  • Homemade sausage with rye bread.
baked fish for diabetes

Snack products:

  • Almonds, hazelnuts or Brazil nuts.
  • Boiled eggs.
  • Baked boiled pork.
  • Hard cheese.
  • Avocado (quite expensive but healthy).

If it's time to grab a snack and you have nothing on hand, you can take raw eggs, which can be bought in the store.

Important!People diagnosed with type 1 and type 2 diabetes should keep a food diary.

The principles of this diet:

  • fragmentation and regularity of food intake;
  • each serving of food must be the same in volume and calorie content;
  • the allowable ratio of fat to carbohydrates
  • adequate intake of vitamins and minerals in the body
  • predominantly cooked, stewed or baked food.

Food and meals excluded from the diet:

  • smoked meat, spicy and fried foods;
  • sugar and sugary foods;
  • thick broth and soups;
  • fermented dairy products (fatty);
  • alcohol.

Diet food for type 1 diabetes

In type 1 diabetes mellitus, the cells of the pancreas are destroyed, the lack of insulin is replenished with injections of insulin-containing drugs. It is important to control the dose and duration of insulin as well as the amount of food ingested. Extreme attention should be paid to bread units (XE), 1 XE unit = 10-12 g carbohydrates. The daily norm should not be more than 25 XE, from which it follows that more than 4-5 XE should not be ingested at a meal. The number of units of bread consumed must be calculated to correctly select the dose of insulin needed to digest food.

Food must be clearly balanced in chemical composition, contain all the necessary vitamins and minerals. The approximate chemical composition looks like this: 100 g proteins, 80 g fat, 450 g carbohydrates. The energy value is approximately 2500 kcal.

The temperature of hot dishes should not exceed 60 ° С, and for salads and snacks - 15 ° С.

Important!The consumption of clean water per day should be at least 1, 5–2 liters.

meals per hour for diabetes mellitus

Approximate diet for one day taking into account insulin intake:

  • 8: 00 - predominantly protein foods (eggs, cottage cheese, meat);
  • 8: 15 - to take an insulin substance;
  • 9: 00 - intake of carbohydrate foods (porridge, rye bread, potatoes);
  • 12: 00 - carbohydrate food (bread is allowed);
  • 14: 00 - lunch (no bread);
  • 17: 00 - to take an insulin substance;
  • 18: 00 - carbohydrate food (bread is allowed);
  • 20: 00 - carbohydrate food.

Important!Failure to adhere to the diet of type 1 diabetes leads to the occurrence of hyperglycemic coma.

Diet food for type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is caused by being overweight. The body continues to produce insulin, but it is not active. With this diagnosis, patients can live for decades. It is very important to monitor the diet, load the body with physical activity and bring the weight to the required norm. The meals are strictly fractionated, the intervals must not exceed 2-3 hours.

Approximate menu for a day with type 2 diabetes:

  • 7: 00 - breakfast: oatmeal in milk 200 g;
  • 9: 30 - lunch: 1-2 boiled eggs;
  • 13: 00 - lunch: vegetable borscht - 200 g, rose from permitted meat - 70 g, 100 g fresh vegetables, compote or natural juice from dried fruit - 200 ml, wholemeal bread - 50 g;
  • 16: 00 - afternoon snack: 150 g cottage cheese stew;
  • 18: 00 - dinner: baked or stewed fish with vegetables - 200 g;
  • 21: 00 - if you feel hungry, drink 250 ml of kefir.

Diet for gestational diabetes

Diet for gestational diabetes in a pregnant woman is almost the only method of maintaining a normal blood sugar concentration, as the use of medication will adversely affect the fetus. The essence of the diet is to eliminate fast carbs.

diabetes during pregnancy what is

The diet should be varied but balanced so that the fetus receives as many different vitamins and minerals as possible, which is necessary for its normal development. Under no circumstances should you go on "starvation diets". Overeating is also prohibited due to the risk of getting hyperglycemia. Food should also be fractionated and clearly defined in terms of chemical composition. The basis should be protein foods-not less than 30-60%, fats are allowed up to 20-40%, complex carbohydrates are exclusive. The meals should be divided into main meals and snacks.

Avoid switching to a low carb diet while breastfeeding. In the absence of edema and high pressure, clean water should be consumed at least 1, 5-2 liters a day.

Important!You should measure your blood sugar level with a glucometer no later than 1-2 hours after a meal.

Prohibited products:

  • store juice;
  • carbonated beverages;
  • baked sweets;
  • sugar and any sweeteners;
  • all fast food (canned food, fast food);
  • semolina and rice porridge;
  • buns, white bread;
  • alcoholic beverages;
  • products containing cocoa;
  • meat and fish with a high fat content.

Approximate menu for one day:

  • 8: 00 - breakfast: porridge made from acceptable grains, black or green tea without sugar;
  • 10: 00 - lunch: bread made from rye or wholemeal flour with cheese, green apple;
  • 13: 00 - lunch: borscht or lean soup, steamed vegetable chops;
  • 16: 00 - afternoon snack: cottage cheese pie or casserole, a glass of berries with a low glycemic index;
  • 18: 00 - Dinner: baked fish with fresh vegetables.

Eggplant for diabetes

One of the biggest benefits of eggplants is their low GI (glycemic index), they are 90% water. The fruit is rich in useful vitamins, trace elements and dietary fiber, promotes the production of insulin, which has a positive effect on the patient's pancreas. Reduces the concentration of glucose in the body, improves water-salt balance, strengthens the walls of blood vessels. It has a positive effect on the psychological and physical condition of the diabetic, the person becomes less irritable.

eggplant for diabetes

There are many recipes for delicious eggplant cooking. To heal the body it is not necessary to use them every day, 2 times a week is quite enough. Choose eggplants with a thinner skin and fewer seeds. It is not recommended to fry them; boiled, stewed or baked aubergines will be much healthier.

Recipes for diabetics

"Smart" salad

Very tasty, healthy, nutritious and most importantly a festive dish.

For cooking we need:

  • frozen green beans and green peas, 200 g each;
  • fresh cauliflower - 300 g;
  • 100 g of apples;
  • 2 fresh tomatoes;
  • green salad, dill and parsley;
  • lemon juice - about one and a half tablespoons;
  • 3 tablespoons vegetable oil;
  • a little salt.

Cooking principle: beans, green peas, cauliflower are boiled separately in salted water. To get rid of the smell you can add a few fresh peas. After cooling, remove the peppers. Cut the tomatoes into thin rings and the apples into cubes, then immediately pour lemon juice over them so that the apples do not get dark.

For beauty, we add the components as follows:

  1. Place lettuce leaves in the bottom of the plate.
  2. Spread the tomatoes in a layer over the edge of the plate.
  3. Put beans and cauliflower in a ring alternately.
  4. Place peas in the center of the plate.
  5. Place the apples on top of the green peas.
  6. Sprinkle the prepared salad with dill and parsley, season it with vegetable oil and lemon juice.

Diabetes mellitus does not mean that you can not eat sweet and tasty food. There are many first and second courses, desserts that are healthy and very tasty, and most importantly, are allowed. A balanced diet for each day will help you prepare a qualified professional or nutritionist. You can easily find recipes for dishes on the Internet, the most important thing is to ensure that products that are suitable for your type of diabetes are used.